Explanation:
Factorization
In mathematics, factorization (also factorisation in British
English) or factoring is the
decomposition of an object (for example, a number,
a polynomial, or a matrix) into a product of other objects, or factors, which when multiplied together give the original. For example, the number 15 factors
into primes as 3 × 5, and the polynomial x^{2} − 4 factors as (x −
2) (x + 2).
The aim
of factoring is usually to reduce something to "basic building
blocks," such as numbers to prime numbers, or polynomials to irreducible
polynomials.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Factorization#Polynomials
Factorization of polynomials
In mathematics and computer algebra, polynomial factorization refers to factoring a
polynomial into irreducible polynomials over a given field.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Factorization_of_polynomials
A
visual illustration of the polynomialx^{2} + c x + d = (x + a)
(x + b) where a plus b equals c and
a times b equals d. (Our
solved example in mathguru.com uses this concept).
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