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Example: Calculate Principal Amount

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Explanation:

 

 

Interest

 

Interest is a fee paid by a borrower of assets to the owner as a form of compensation for the use of the assets. It is most commonly the price paid for the use of borrowed money or, money earned by deposited funds.

When money is borrowed, interest is typically paid to the lender as a percentage of the principal, the amount owed. The percentage of the principal that is paid as a fee over a certain period of time (typically one month or year), is called the interest rate. A bank deposit will gain interest because the bank is paying for the use of the deposited funds.

 

Simple interest

Simple interest is calculated only on the principal amount, or on that portion of the principal amount that remains unpaid.

The amount of simple interest is calculated according to the following formula:

where r is the period interest rate (I/m), B0 the initial balance and m the number of time periods elapsed. (Our solved example in mathguru.com uses this concept)

To calculate the period interest rate r, one divides the interest rate I by the number of periods m.

For example, imagine that a credit card holder has an outstanding balance of $2500 and that the simple interest rate is 12.99% per annum. The interest added at the end of 3 months would be,

and he would have to pay $2581.19 to pay off the balance at this point.

If instead he makes interest-only payments for each of those 3 months at the period rate r the amount of interest paid would be,

His balance at the end of 3 months would still be $2500.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interest

 

The above explanation is copied from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and is remixed as allowed under the Creative Commons Attribution- ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.